Approaches Used in Pest Control.
Pest is a worldwide problem affecting human race. Insects that destroy produces and other vegetation such as agriculture produce are known as pests. Controlling of pests that disrupt health of human beings, destroy farm produce and vegetation is called pest control. Human health interference is done by some pests which are lice, mice and mosquitoes. Technology and science have advanced hence specialists have recognized a number of approaches to clear of the pests. When agriculture started then it gave a chance of pest control to exist. Pest control controls herbivores that compete with humans, and other species of weeds that compete with crops. Pest management involves various steps to control pests. Steps followed are, identification of the type of pest it is, a decision is made about the method to use, and the method is executed to control pests.
The use of parasites and predators in water resources, in agriculture farms, structures to control pests safely for instance use of cat to chase and eat rats and mice then this method is known as biological method. Fumigation is a method of pest control is used for structured areas and involves in closing and sealing the area airtight and inducing gas concentration to destroy entirely varieties of pests while pets are housed somewhere else. Suffocation by heat and soil steaming leads to destruction of pests. Non-toxic oils repellents obtained from trees like Balsam fir oil rat repellent are used as the biological method. Trees produce non-toxic repellent oils to repel pests, for example, the rat repellent named Balsam fir oil. Planting some pest repellents plant is a biological method, for example, planting onion in a spinach farm to repel spinach pests.
Whenever there is the usage of insecticides, pesticides, and herbicides to control pests that is a chemical method of pest control. Space treatment is a method which uses misting or fogging applicators with liquid insecticides that are dispersed into the structures. Poisoned bait is another chemical method used to control rats. Spray method involves in using poisonous sprays through handheld sprayers to spray pests or places that are contact with pests for example mosquitoes, weevils and other crop pests. When destroying ticks pesticides are sprayed on cattle.
There is no use of chemicals when using traditional methods to control pests and weeds. Burning Fields is a traditional method used to extinguish insects and its eggs in the farms after harvesting. Traps are used largely to trap rats and mice this is also a traditional method. Different trap designs are used according to their purpose. Destroying of an infected crop or infested by pests either by uprooting or burning of the crop is a traditional way of pest control.
Pest control is necessary for human health, healthy pets and animals and best farm produce.